Basics of Internet : Internet,  Internet service provider (ISP), IPv4IPv6WWW (World Wide Web), ARPANET (Advanced Research Projects Agency Network), HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language, Web PageHome pageLAN (local area network), IP(Internet Protocol address) and internet browser.

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Q-1. What is internet?

 a) a single network

 b) a vast collection of different networks

 c) interconnection of local area networks 

 d) interconnection of wide area networks 

Ans : b) a vast collection of different networks

NOTE:The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that uses the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to communicate between networks and devices.

Q-2. To join the internet, the computer has to be connected to a ______. 

a) internet architecture board 

b) internet society 

c) internet service provider

d) different computer 

Ans : c) internet service provider

NOTE:An Internet service provider (ISP) is an organization that provides services for accessing, using, or participating in the Internet. 
Major ISP in India : -   BSNL, MTNL, Airtel, Reliance and Vodafone Idea etc.

Q.3. The size of an IP address in IPv4 is _________. 

a) 32 bits 

b) 64 bits 

c) 128 bits 

d) 265 bits

Ans : a) 32 bits

NOTE:IPv4 (Internet Protocol version 4) defines an IP address as a 32-bit number.
IPv6 address consists of 128 bits and is expressed in hexadecimal notation.

IP addresses are written and displayed in human-readable notations, such as
In IPv4 - 172.16. 254.1
In IPv6 - 2001:db8:0:1234:0:567:8:1

Q.4 Who is the father of www?

a) Tim-Berners-Lee

b) Vint Cerf

c) Charles Babbage

d) None of above

Ans : a) Tim-Berners-Lee

NOTE:WWW (World Wide Web), commonly known as the Web, is an information system where documents and other web resources are identified by Uniform Resource Locators (URL), which may be interlinked by hypertext, and are accessible over the Internet.

Q.5 The Internet was originally a project of which agency? 

a) ARPA 

b) NSF 

c) NSA 

d) None of above 

Ans : a) ARPA

NOTE:ARPANET (Advanced Research Projects Agency Network)

The first workable prototype of the Internet came in the late 1960s with the creation of ARPANET, or the Advanced Research Projects Agency Network. Originally funded by the U.S. Department of Defense.

Q.6 HTML is used to create.

a) machine language program 

b) high level program 

c) web page 

d) web server

Ans : c) web page

NOTE:HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language.
HTML is the standard markup language allows the user to create and structure sections, paragraphs, headings and links for web pages.  

Web Page - A web page is a specific collection of information provided by a website and displayed to a user in a web browser. A website typically consists of many web pages linked together in a coherent fashion.

Q.7 The first page that you normally view at a website is its:

 a) Master page

 b) First page

 c) Home page

 d) None of above

Ans : c) Home page

NOTE:A home page is the main web page of a website. 

A visitor navigating to a website from a search engine will see, and it may also serve as a landing page to attract visitors.

 Q.8 Which of the following networking solution is suitable for networking in a building? 

a) MAN 

b) WAN 

c) LAN 

d) All of above

Ans : c) LAN

NOTE:LAN (local area network) : is a computer network that interconnects computers within a limited area such as a residence, school, laboratory, university campus or office building.

LAN will be used to establish a network between two adjacent buildings. 

Q.9 A host on the Internet finds another host by its 

a) Postal Address 

b) IP address 

c) Electronic address 

d) None of above

Ans : b) IP address

NOTE:An Internet Protocol address is a numerical label assigned to each device connected to a computer network that uses the Internet Protocol for communication.
An IP address serves two main functions: host or network interface identification and location addressing.

Q.10 Software that allows users to view the webpage is called as :

a) Website

b) Browser

c) Interpreter

d) Operating System

Ans : b) Browser

NOTE:An internet browser or simply called browser is used to view a webpage.

Common web browsers :
Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, and Apple Safari.